A wellness panel will take a closer look at your general health and helps you assess the systems and organs such as the kidneys, thyroid, liver, and immunity. Since there is some valuable information there, it is apparently vital for you to comprehend the ways to read the blood test results. However, you might be wondering what your blood test results actually mean. Here is a guide to help you decode a sample of the test results.
The urea nitrogen BUN test
This test helps assess kidney function. It measures nitrogen or urea levels in the urine. Generally, typical BUN levels tend to range anywhere between 6 and 20 (mg/dL). Higher levels can signify disease or kidney failure, dehydration, heart failure, high protein levels, hindrance in your urinary tract or gastrointestinal bleeding. Lower levels can denote malnutrition, liver failure, or a terrible lack of protein in the diet.
If you happen to get a number that is above 21, you must immediately consult your doctor about the likelihood of you getting the initial set of diseases. If the number is below 6, you need to inspect the second set of diseases.
The total protein test
This test helps measure the globulin and protein albumin present in the human body. The typical range is around 6-8.3 (g/dL). Low protein can indicate liver disorder, inflammatory conditions, malnutrition, or kidney disorder whilst high protein could signify infections or inflammation, like viral hepatitis C or B or HIV. It could be a sign of bone marrow disorders too.
The sodium serum test
This particular test aids in measuring the amount of sodium present in the blood. The typical range is around 136-145 (mmol/L). High sodium might indicate that you are not consuming enough water, consuming too much sodium, or are dehydrated. Low sodium may imply symptoms of kidney failure, under-active adrenal glands, thyroid gland failure, or heart failure. There is hidden sodium in the food that you regularly consume and so this is something that you can easily overdo.
Cholesterol total test
This test helps assess the quantity of fat-like, waxy Cholesterol in the blood. The test will look at both HDL and LDL cholesterol. The typical range is often under 200 (mg/dL). The higher total cholesterol is around 240 (mg/dL) and this is often considered risky whilst the borderline high risk is often within a range of 200-239 (mg/dL). This doesn’t mean that cholesterol in general is harmful to you. You need to ensure that you obtain more of the good variety [HDL].
The calcium test
This particular test helps assess the calcium amount in the body that isn’t stocked in the bones. The typical range is around 8.8-10.4 (mg/dL). Low calcium may happen since you have hypoparathyroidism, low blood protein albumin level, high phosphate levels in your blood, or suffer from malnutrition, rickets, alcoholism, and pancreatitis. High calcium may be triggered by bed rest for a long time following a broken bone, cancer, tuberculosis, hyperparathyroidism, and Paget’s disease.
The CBC test
This test helps you take a closer look at your white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. If your CBC test result shows a low red blood count, including hematocrit and haemoglobin, it’s likely that you are anaemic. If the same blood count is high, there’s a chance that you may possess heart disease. General causes of the high count are kidney disease, smoking, heart disease, liver disease and alcoholism.
Urinalysis complete test
This test aids in finding abnormalities in your urine. Issues with the urinary tract, lungs, kidneys, skin, and bladder can be easily identified by testing the urine. The presence of Infectious yeast or bacteria, high protein, sugar, blood pH levels, acidity or epithelial cells, and abnormalities in white or red blood cells, are all signs of illness that can be identified through urinalysis. Your normal urine is the opposite of this. It should not contain yeast, protein, glucose, ketones or bacteria and very few white or red blood cells and crystals. The typical pH level is 6.
The thyroid panel test
This test tells you about thyroid gland health. it examines the TSH level in the blood and notifies you whether the thyroid is underactive or overactive. The typical range is around 0.4 – 4.0 (mIU/L). A higher level [more than 2.0 mIU/L] implies an underactive thyroid gland and sets off health issues such as brittle nails and hair, weight gain, heart disease, joint pain, depression and infertility. A low level shows an overactive thyroid gland that secretes more thyroid hormone. You may go through high tremors or anxiety levels or weight loss.
The vitamin D test
The vitamin D test assists in checking the amount of vitamin D that is present in the human body. The typical range is around 20-40 (ng/mL). Low vitamin D can occur with kidney and liver disease, shortage of vitamin D in your diet, bad food absorption and shortage of sunlight exposure whilst high vitamin D might be owing to too much vitamin D and also can lead to a condition known as hypervitaminosis D that might lead to signs of kidney damage.
Now, you might have a good understanding of the ways to read your wellness blood test results. This will help you take control of your well-being.