Interest Rates in the UK have sunk to an all-time low, making borrowing cheaper than ever.
Since these low-interest rates lowered the cost of borrowing, they also indirectly affected the price of the goods, which were bought with the lent money, ensuring that people were able to get their hands on something they traditionally would not be able to afford when the interest rates were high. For example, if you were planning on getting a new house and moving from your rented apartment within the next two years, you did it this year because of the affordable interest rates. In turn, what this does is, it essentially pulls the demand from the future and gives a boost to the present situation of consumption. This short-term boost enables people to buy goods and services, which can be easily financed only when they are cheaper.
Thus, as a result, poor credit loans in UK from direct lenders are easily available. Interest Rates are actually a sign of new money, which is added to the economy. This is vital for the economy to bloom and for the growth to spurt. This new money can be termed as a sign of fiscal deficits, which means the total earnings minus the total expenses. As Interest rates rise, the deficiency or shortage increases, as interest is essentially money, which is created.
What would happen if Interest Rates stay low for a long time?
If Interest rates stay low for a long-term, it leads to deflation and creates asset bubbles. Asset Bubbles is a simple term, which refers to the rising price of an asset over a short duration of time. This means that it is a bubble, which can burst at any given time. The price rise has nothing to do with the demand for the goods or services themselves. This can apply to any asset, be it housing, gold and other precious metals, bonds, stocks etc. This makes their prices over-inflated. Several Economists and Financial experts are actually quite optimistic about the situation. However, the biggest and most problematic situation of low-interest rates leading to deflation is highly likely to occur, which will have a drastic effect on a large scale. Deflation is very hard to get out of. The negative impact of deflation is primarily on spending potentials. Due to that, you could always get more for your money’s worth in one month than you can, presently.
Given that Interest rates have been low for quite a while, there is very little that British banks can do, except take appropriate fiscal measures. Banks have one primary function, which is to act as a medium between lenders and borrowers. Keeping that in mind, the lender is theoretically the depositor who has kept his money in the bank. The bank gives the depositor interest and takes it from those who are the borrowers. Therefore, what the bank makes, as profit, is the difference of the Interest given to depositors and Interest charged from the borrowers. This means that if the banks charge a low-interest rank to the borrowers, this process would become slower and in turn, they would be able to provide lesser funds. Another end of the situation portrays that low-interest rates actually put the demands for loans forward. The lower the interest rate, the more people will actually consider getting a loan.
Since more people would be able to afford, say, a car or even a house, the prices of these assets would increase abnormally, inflating the prices across all kinds of assets. Low-Interest Rates indicate that it is the perfect time to borrow or even to invest.
A large number of economists and financial experts argue that the Government should consider increasing their spending. Low Government spending has also triggered a reduction in GDP growth. Every buck that the government does not spend needs to be paid by the private sector.
Low-Interest rates also make investments, which are made by borrowing money, seem a lot more appealing to the consumers. The investment gives a better rate of return since the interest rates are actually low, making the investment a lot more worthy. Moreover, consumers pay less in interest, which gives them more funds to spend on goods and commodities, increasing spending throughout the economy. Businesses can also easily purchase pieces of equipment and spend more money on new projects.
Low-Interest rates, in theory, should boost economic growth, but it is actually a lot harder when it comes to reality. To sum it up, there is actually no simple and one true implication of low-interest rates. It is predicted that this era of low-interest would last for quite a while, despite the frequent yet subtle increments in rates every now and then. British banks should consider raising rates so that they can afford it and have the option of lowering interest rates in the future in case they face unforeseeable circumstances.