Knee injuries are very common among people who engage in sports and physical exercises, at the professional, amateur or personal levels. Injury can affect any of the knee joint’s ligaments, bursae, or tendons. Injury can also affect the joint-forming ligaments, cartilage, menisci (meniscus plural), and bones. Factors in making the knee one of the most commonly injured joints are the joint complexity of the knee design and the fact that it is an active weight-bearing joint. For many people, arthritis is also a serious knee problem, especially as we get older.
What are the common types of Knee Injury?
One of the most common causes of knee pain, particularly among young athletes, is patellofemoral pain syndrome. This condition, which involves knee front pain, is associated with overuse of the patellofemoral joint between the kneecap (patella) and thighbone. Although this condition is often referred to as runner’s knee, a direct blow to the kneecap can also cause it. Pain in the knee front can also be caused by patellar tendinitis (knee of the jumper), which causes pain in the tendon of the patellar that connects the patella to the tibia (shinbone). The tendon of the patellar attaches to a bump called the tibial tubercle on the tibia. In growing athletes, pain is due to irritation of the growth plate in this area, called Osgood-Schlatter disease.
Injuries of ligament and cartilage
A medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain is one of the most common ligament knee injuries. A sprain refers to an injury to the ligament and a strain refers to an injury to the tendon or muscle. All sprains are graded on one to three scales; complete tears are grade three sprains. An MCL sprain is on the knee’s inner (medial) side and often occurs when an athlete is hit on the knee’s outer (lateral) side, forcing the knee inward. Without surgery, most MCL sprains can be treated. An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury usually results from a twisting or pivoting motion. This injury can cause susceptibility to repeated injuries and knee instability, which is why surgery is often required. Occasionally, a knee force of twisting or hyperextension may result in a fracture of the tibial spine. Essentially, this is the same mechanism that causes an ACL injury, but the bone where the ligament attaches is pulled off instead of causing injury to the ligament itself. This fracture often requires surgery, but it can be treated, in the cast too. Despite being rare in children, young athletes can injure their meniscus, a type of cartilage that cushions and stabilizes the joint. All knees have two menisci, the inside of the knee’s medial meniscus and the outside of the knee’s lateral meniscus. Meniscal tears are usually caused by a severe injury and often accompany ligament tears such as tears of ACL. Usually, these injuries require surgery. Additionally, some kids are born with an abnormal meniscus, known as a discoid meniscus, which is larger than a normal meniscus and more likely to tear.
Injuries, fractures, and dislocations of the growing plate
Knee fractures rarely occur in childhood sports, but there is a possibility of a fracture associated with one of the growth plates with any knee injury in a growing child. It is possible to break any of the knee joint bones, the thighbone bottom, the shinbone top, and the kneecap. Therefore, a doctor should evaluate a knee injury that impedes the ability of a child to bear weight or does not improve within a few days. Tibial tuberosity, which is the bump on the front of the knee where the patellar tendon attaches, is a particularly vulnerable area in a growing child. Fractures on the growth plate often require surgery in this area. Kneecap dislocations or partial dislocations occur in children and adolescents from time to time. There is sometimes a visible, obvious knee deformity with the kneecap in a position to the outside of the knee or the athlete may simply feel something pop out of the joint and then pop back in. The patella should be placed back in the right position as soon as possible when this happens.
What is the knee injury medical treatment?
Nearly all knee injuries require more than one doctor visit. You can find a knee injury doctor in Lahore or anywhere else in the world by searching online or on a friend’s recommendation. If no operation is indicated, RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) will be needed with some strengthening exercises and possibly physical therapy. The decision for surgery is sometimes delayed to see if RICE and physical therapy are going to work. Each injury is unique, and decisions about treatment depend on what the functionality of the knee. This decision needs to be made by your specialist or a knee injury doctor in Lahore. For example, in a young athlete or a construction worker, a torn ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) would usually require surgery, but in an 80-year-old who is not very active, the ACL may be treated non-operatively with physical therapy. With the available technology, many knee injuries requiring surgery can be surgically treated with an arthroscope, where a camera is used to visualize the damage and small punctures are made in the knee to insert repair instruments. Usually, patients start their post-op rehabilitation within days of the operation. If there is no rush to operate, then there is an opportunity to pre-habilitate or reinforce the quadriceps and hamstring muscles. When a joint like the knee is injured, nearly immediately the muscles around it begin to weaken. This also applies after the surgery, which can be considered another injury as well. Strong preoperative muscles enable the potential for easier postoperative therapy.
Prevention of Knee Injury
Extend it-Improve the mobility and range of movement of your joint by stretching! Focus not only on the knees. Make sure the ankles and hips are stretched. If any of these joints are in motion, it can affect knee movement and loading. Remember to highlight both “static” and “dynamic stretches.” This Livestrong article discusses the difference in both stretch types. While emerging research shows the advantages of dynamic stretching, pay equal respect for not stretching muscles with extended static stretches. In the range of 10-30 seconds, you are safe to hold a static stretch, but stretching as a pre-activity warm-up should not last longer than 1-2 minutes.
Warm up. It is important not only to warm up your muscles but also to warm up your exercise cardiovascular and pulmonary system. An active, dynamic warm-up should focus on raising the temperature of your body, making your blood flow, moving the parts of your body to be used. Examples include things such as calisthenics, light jogging, jumping jacks, various motions for hopping or jumping, and sport-specific drills and movements.
Overtraining and simple postural mistakes may aggravate your chances of getting a knee injury. By selecting suitable exercises and repetitions for your specific needs, avoid knee overtraining. For example, a non-weight-bearing activity such as swimming may be a better choice than running if you are susceptible to problems with the lower legs or knee pain.
Exercise before playing and a healthy diet should be able to prevent Knee Injury. Use of safety gear while playing is also essential. A knee injury doctor in Lahore may advise you on this aspect of injury.
How good are Knee Injury doctor in Lahore?
Knee injury doctor in Lahore is not hard to find. Any orthopedic surgeon can perform knee surgery. The knee injury doctors in Lahore are quite skilled and have a good success rate but in the end, home care and exercises after the surgery determine the success rate.