Munich is the capital and most populous city of the German state of Bavaria. With a population of around 1.5 million residents within its city limits, Munich is the third largest city in Germany after Berlin and Hamburg. Munich is located in southern Germany, roughly 50 km north of the Bavarian Alps.

Geographic Location

Munich is situated in the Upper Bavarian plateau, about 50 kilometers north of the northern edge of the Alps. The city center lies on the Isar River at an elevation of about 520 meters above sea level.

Geographically, Munich is located at:

  • Latitude: 48.1372° N
  • Longitude: 11.5754° E

It is in the Central European Time zone (UTC+01:00).

Area and Boundaries

The city of Munich covers an area of about 310.4 square kilometers or 119.9 square miles. It is surrounded by the districts of Munich to the east, west, and south. The city boundary is largely characterized by the Isar River in the west and several small streams in the east.

Munich is located in the state of Bavaria in southeastern Germany. It is roughly 100 km north of the Austrian border. Major nearby cities include:

  • Augsburg – 84 km west
  • Nuremberg – 167 km north
  • Ingolstadt – 102 km north
  • Salzburg, Austria – 193 km southeast


Munich sits on a plain that rises from the banks of the Isar River in the west to heights of over 525 meters in the northeastern part. The city’s lowest point is the Isar Valley at 474 meters, while the highest point is the Mikaelskoppel Hill at 551 meters.

The topography around Munich formed during the last ice age when glaciers shaped the landscape. When the glaciers melted, moraine deposits created gently rolling hills intermixed with rivers and streams.


Munich has an oceanic climate, classified as Cfb on the Köppen climate classification scale. It is influenced by winds from the Atlantic Ocean, leading to cool summers and mild winters.

The average annual temperature is around 9.1°C (48°F). January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 0.6°C (33°F). July and August are the warmest months averaging 20.8°C (69.4°F).

Annual precipitation averages 960 mm. June receives the most rainfall while February is the driest month. Snowfall mainly occurs from December through March.

Outstanding Features

Some of the outstanding features and landmarks in Munich include:


Marienplatz is the historic central square and the heart of the city. It contains the Old Town Hall and the New Town Hall with its famous Glockenspiel that re-enacts stories from Munich’s history.

Englischer Garten

This large public park in central Munich contains open meadows, streams, walking paths, and beer gardens.

Olympic Park

Built for the 1972 Summer Olympics, this park contains the Olympic Stadium, Olympic Hall, Olympic Pool, and Olympic Tower.

Allianz Arena

Home stadium to Bayern Munich football club, the Allianz Arena is known for its unique inflatable exterior panels that light up in different colors.


The world’s largest Volksfest beer festival is held annually on the Theresienwiese grounds. It attracts over 6 million visitors each year.

BMW Headquarters

BMW’s headquarters and museum are located in Munich. The BMW headquarters tower has become an important landmark.

Nymphenburg Palace

This impressive baroque palace was the main summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria. Its grounds contain beautiful gardens and pavilions.


One of Munich’s oldest beer halls, dating back to the 16th century. It’s famous for its Bavarian food and drink.


Oktoberfest is a 16-18-day festival held each year in late September and early October. It takes place at the Theresienwiese fairgrounds located southwest of Munich’s center.

The first Oktoberfest was held in 1810 in honor of the Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig’s marriage. It has continued annually except during wartime and in 2020/2021 due to COVID-19.

Oktoberfest attracts around 6 million visitors each year. People come to drink beer, eat traditional Bavarian foods, wear dirndl or lederhosen, and enjoy carnival rides and games.

The centerpieces of Oktoberfest are the beer tents sponsored by the major Munich breweries. The tents have seating for thousands of people along with live brass band music.

Some key facts about Oktoberfest:

  • Over 7 million liters of beer are consumed
  • Over 124,000 pork sausages are eaten
  • Bavarian women wear dirndl dresses, men wear lederhosen
  • parades and rifle marksmanship contests occur
  • The largest tent seats 10,000 people

Oktoberfest has become a worldwide phenomenon celebrating Bavarian culture and especially beer. Many cities globally host their Oktoberfest celebrations.


Munich is located in the southern German state of Bavaria about 50 km north of the Alps. It sits on a plain along the Isar River and has an oceanic climate with cool summers and mild winters.

Some of Munich’s standout features are Marienplatz, its large parks, Olympic facilities, and famous landmarks. Munich is probably best known around the world for its annual Oktoberfest beer festival which attracts millions of visitors.

The city’s geographic location in Bavaria near the Alps along with its beautiful architecture, beer gardens, and cultural traditions make Munich one of Germany’s most popular destinations for tourists and travelers.


What country is Munich located in?

Munich is located in Germany. It is the capital and largest city of the state of Bavaria in southern Germany.

What major river runs through Munich?

The Isar River runs through the western half of Munich. The city center is situated on the Isar.

How many people live in Munich?

As of 2021, Munich has a population of around 1.56 million residents living within its city limits. The wider metro area has over 2.9 million inhabitants.

What are dirndls and lederhosen?

Dirndls and lederhosen are traditional Bavarian costumes worn during Oktoberfest. Dirndls are dresses worn by women. Lederhosen are leather shorts worn by men.

What is the name of Munich’s famous central square?

Marienplatz is the historic heart of Munich. It’s known for the Glockenspiel clock show at the New Town Hall.