Getting a dog can be one of the most rewarding experiences in life. Dogs provide unconditional love, constant companionship, and lifelong joy. However, with the rewards also comes great responsibility. Bringing a dog into your home is a commitment that requires careful thought and preparation. This comprehensive guide will walk you through everything you need to know before getting a dog.

Choosing the Right Breed

One of the first steps is deciding what breed of dog best fits your lifestyle. With over 300 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club, there are endless options to choose from. Consider the following factors when deciding on a breed:


Do you live in a small apartment or a large house with a big yard? Consider if you want a large, medium, or small-sized dog. Larger dogs require more exercise and space. Small dogs can thrive in smaller living quarters.

Energy Level

How much daily exercise and stimulation does the breed require? High-energy dogs demand rigorous exercise like running while lower-energy dogs are content with shorter walks.

Grooming Needs

Some dogs require frequent brushing and professional grooming. Wiry and long-haired breeds are higher maintenance. Short-haired dogs are often lower maintenance.


Think about your household and lifestyle. Breeds have tendencies toward certain temperaments like being kid-friendly, highly intelligent, or independent.

Once you’ve considered these factors, you can narrow your search to a few breeds that fit your criteria. Be open-minded and remember there are always exceptions within breeds.

Finding a Reputable Breeder or Shelter

Now that you’ve settled on one or two breeds, it’s time to find a dog! There are two main options:

Purchase from a Responsible Breeder

A responsible breeder focuses on improving the breed. They run medical tests and screen for genetic diseases. Responsible breeders also aim to better the temperament and breed standard. Take time to research breeders and ask lots of questions.

Adopt from a Shelter or Rescue

Millions of loving dogs end up in shelters each year through no fault of their own. Adoption fees are usually under $200. Shelters screen dogs for good health and temperament. Considering adoption helps reduce pet overpopulation.

Both options can lead to wonderful companions. The choice often comes down to whether having a purebred is important to you. Adoption offers the reward of giving an animal in need a second chance.

Preparing Your Home

Before bringing your new dog home, take time to dog-proof your house. Look at your home from a dog’s perspective. Things like houseplants, exposed wires, and food left out need to be secured.

Dogs require their own space and supplies. These essentials include:

  • Dog bed– Provides a comfortable spot to sleep and rest
  • Crate– Useful for training and giving your dog a secure den
  • Bowls– For food and water. Use stainless steel or ceramic
  • Collar & leash– For walks and tags with ID info
  • Toys– Chew toys help entertain dogs and relieve boredom
  • Grooming supplies– Nail clippers, and brushes tailored to your dog’s coat

Take time to find the right spot to store your dog’s belongings. An area near where your dog will sleep works best.

Puppy or Adult Dog?

Another big decision is whether to get an adult dog or a puppy. Here are some things to consider about each:


  • Requires more time and patience for training
  • Initial costs are higher with supplies, vet bills, training classes
  • Needs constant supervision like potty training and preventing chewing
  • Easier to socialize at a young age and bond with family
  • Energy level varies by breed. Most puppies are very energetic.

Adult Dog

  • Usually calmer temperament and less destructive behaviors
  • Often already housetrained and knows basic commands
  • May come with an unknown history like past trauma
  • Personality and energy level is predictable
  • Lower initial time commitment and costs

For first-time owners, an adult dog is often an easier transition. However, raising and training a puppy can be very rewarding.

Finding a Vet

An important step is establishing a relationship with a trusted veterinarian, ideally before bringing your dog home. Your vet will provide wellness exams, vaccines, and medical treatment throughout your dog’s life.

Look for an experienced vet who offers emergency services. Tour the clinic to check cleanliness, meet the staff, and make sure you’re comfortable. Bring your new dog for an introductory visit soon after adoption.

Providing Proper Nutrition

Diet and nutrition are vital to your dog’s health. Talk to your vet for brand recommendations based on your dog’s age, size, and activity level. For puppies, follow diet guidelines for proper growth and development.

Feed high-quality commercial dog food and avoid generics with fillers. Follow label portions to prevent obesity. Provide food in a quiet area in stainless steel or ceramic bowls. Wash food bowls regularly with soap and water.

Have fresh water always available. Change water frequently and wash water bowls daily. Proper diet and hydration support good health!

Establishing a Routine

Dogs thrive on structure and routine. Set up scheduled times for feeding, potty breaks, walks, playtime, training sessions, and affection. Dogs feel secure when they can predict daily events.

In the first few weeks home, take time off work or arrange dog care to help your new dog adjust. Crate training assists in establishing a routine. Set alarms to take puppies out regularly. An adult dog’s routine may vary. The goal is to meet your dog’s needs while balancing your lifestyle.

Providing Plenty of Exercise

Dogs need regular exercise to stay physically and mentally healthy. Exercise needs vary greatly by breed, age, and health status. Some dogs need rigorous activity while others only require light walks.

Aim to exercise your dog at least 2-3 times per day. This can include walks, fetching games, socialization at a dog park, or training classes. If you adopt an adult dog, consult your vet about safe exercise limits and activities.

Mentally stimulating toys are another great way to exercise your dog’s mind. Try food puzzles, snuffle mats, treat balls, and interactive toys. Regular exercise and mental stimulation create a happy, well-adjusted dog!

Bonding Through Training

One of the keys to a loving relationship with your dog is positive reinforcement training. This builds respect and trust between you and your dog. Training should start immediately once you bring your new dog home.

Focus initial training on:

  • Potty training– Take outside frequently and reward with treats for going to correct spot
  • Crate training– Make the crate a fun place with toys and rewards for entering calmly
  • Basic commands– Sit, stay, come, down, leave it. Use food rewards and praise.
  • Socialization– Safely expose your dog to new places, people, and animals. Go slow and make encounters positive.
  • Housetraining– Dogs learn through consistency. Reward wanted behaviors. Manage the home so dogs can’t sneak off and have accidents.

Training classes are a great way to bond while teaching important skills. Choose positive reinforcement classes tailored to your dog’s needs.

Providing Love and Attention

Dogs are social animals that crave companionship and affection. Make time each day to actively engage with your dog through play, exercise, training, and cuddling. Involve all family members so your dog bonds with everyone.

Dogs should never be left alone for prolonged periods. If you work long hours, consider a doggy daycare or a dog walker. Take vacations that allow you to bring your dog or find trusted boarding.

Shower your dog with love and they will give it right back through their loyalty, silly antics, and constant affection. A dog’s unconditional love is one of life’s greatest gifts.


Getting a dog is a big commitment filled with rewards. By setting up your home, establishing a routine, training consistently, and providing for your dog’s needs, you’ll form a close lifelong bond. While first-time owners often face a learning curve, the companionship of your new furry friend far outweighs any challenges that may arise. If you put in the time and dedication, adopting a dog will bring you endless joy and enrich your life in ways you never imagined.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much does it cost to own a dog?

The annual cost of owning a dog ranges from $500 to over $2,000 per year depending on the dog’s size and healthcare needs. Initial costs tend to be higher. The lifelong commitment can cost tens of thousands of dollars.

What supplies do I need before bringing home a new dog?

Essential supplies include a crate and bedding, bowls for food and water, collar and leash, ID tag, grooming supplies, baby gates, poop bags, and chew toys. Stock up on initial vet visits and puppy supplies if getting a puppy.

Where is the best place to get a dog?

The best place depends on whether you want a purebred dog or are open to adoption. Responsible breeders and shelters can both offer wonderful dogs. Do your research to find an ethical source that suits your needs.

How much exercise does my dog need?

Exercise needs vary by breed, age, and health status. A general rule is 30-60 minutes of activity daily. High-energy breeds require more exercise. Mental stimulation through training and toys is also important. Check with your vet.

What are the easiest dog breeds for first-time owners?

Recommended breeds include Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, Poodle, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Greyhound, and mixed breed dogs. Research to find a breed matching your lifestyle. Any dog can be suitable for first-timers with proper training.